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Rorschach Assistance Program

Code Help for RAP3
  1. Introduction
  2. Technical Considerations
  3. How to Use the RAP
  4. Location
  5. Developmental Quality
  6. Determinants
  7. Form Quality
  8. Contents
  9. Populars
  10. Z Scores
  11. Special Scores
  12. Example

Go to RAP3 Coding & Reports Application

Rorschach Assistance Program
Coding & Reports


The free online beta version of the RAP3 is designed to assist coders of the Rorschach test to obtain an accurate coded representation of mental operations that occurred during the inkblot test. The program has been found to assist coders with the challenge of making sure that all coding possibilities are considered by providing innovative and easy to use access to eight broad scoring categories.

With its easy to use upper colored bar, the RAP3 Code Help assist the Rorschach test users to find what is the location of the response, and what its developmental quality and form quality. In addition, the program helps to choose the correct determinants and contents of the response, and to decide if it is a popular response or whether it includes a z score. Finally, the program helps coders to determine if there are any special scores involved in the response.

For each and every Rorschach response you can start your coding from the left tab (Location) of the RAP3 code Help upper bar, and work your way systematically to the far right tab (Special Scores). Another approach involves a single reading of the response, and pausing at decisions points concerning the main areas of the scoring system. Regardless of your coding approach, the RAP3 is highly interactive and will help you to navigate your way easily between the many scoring aspects of the Rorschach test.   

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Technical Considerations

The RAP3 is best viewed in Microsoft Internet Explorer, as it is currently the most common browser. However, the program should work well with other browsers, with the exception of few minor glitches. Regardless of the type of browser you use, in order to view the program correctly on your screen make sure your browser leaves the font size and style as specified by the program.

Also, some areas in the program require JavaScript enabled browser, and the ability to open pop-up windows. Your browser should support and able to execute JavaScript, and should not block pop-up windows. The RAP3 uses pop-up windows to present further information. After you opened such pop-up window, it is best practice to close it once you done reviewing it's content. Failing to do so might cause the next pop-up window you want to open to become invisible. If you practice closing the pop-up window after reviewing it, the next time you click to open a pop-up window it will always be on top and easy to review. 

If you run into a problem using the program, check your browser's preferences and make sure it is leaving the fonts as defined by the webpages, and that it is JavaScript enabled. At anytime you are within the RAP program, you can use the far upper right Help Button help to return to this page. If the problem persists, you can sent us a Bug Report. Nonetheless, at this time we do not offer further technical support for the free online edition of the RAP program.

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How to Use the RAP3

You use the RAP3 together with the response, inquiry and location notes obtained during the test administration. Beginning with the verbatim of the initial response, sometimes little more than only the content category can be coded base on the initial response. However, many times most, if not all, of the relevant coding information is readily available in the initial response. Use the RAP3 Code Help program and the additional information provided in the inquiry (including the location sheet) to enhance your coding decisions.

Some Rorschach coders use a linear approach. They review the response and the inquiry for location data first, then for developmental quality, and so on. This approach is adequate for cautious coder, but it is time consuming. Exner recommended a more integrative approach that involves a single reading of the answer (initial response and inquiry), and pausing at points when coding decisions are applicable.

Regardless of coding approach, the challenge for any coder is to make sure that all scoring possibilities are considered. The RAP3 facilitates the coder to be tuned to all of the eight major scoring decisions. It assists the coder to decide:

* What is the Location?
* What is the Development Quality?
* What are the Determinants? (Is there a pair?)
* What is the Form Quality?
* What are the Contents?
* Is it Popular?
* Should there be a Z Score?
* Are there any Special Scores?

The RAP3 interactive approach provides the coder with fast and easy to use information bits required for scoring decisions. Use the RAP3 Code Help colored tabs system and your browser's back button to navigate your way between the eight main scoring areas. In each main area you will find a brief definition of the code, guidelines of how to code a particular response, as well as examples and assistance tables and graphics. Many times the tables and graphics themselves are interactive and include links to further definitions and clarifications.

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Probably the easiest of the coding decisions concerns the location of the response. The program presents the four symbols used for coding the location of responses and the criterion for each. If the response is not a W, the scorer should look at the appropriate figure in Cards Location & Form Quality table to determine if the area involved in the response should be added a numeric code. All the D, Dd and the DSd areas in the figures have been identified on the basis of frequency of use by Exner's normative sample.

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Developmental Quality

The coding for the Developmental Quality (DQ) differentiated the quality of the processing that has been involved in forming the response. There are four DQ codes. The program shows the criterion for each, and the symbols used for coding the DQ aspect of the response.

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Possibly the most complex of the coding decisions concerns the response determinants, that is, the blot features that have contributed to the formation of the precept. The program presents all the symbols for coding determinants, and links to their definition and criteria for their application.

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Form Quality

Form Quality (FQ) coding provides important information about perceptual accuracy. It reflects the overall "fit" of the response to the area of the blot that have been used. The program presents a four point scale used for differentiating levels of form adequacy. In addition to presenting the symbols and criteria for coding FQ, the program provides links to lists of common responses to specific areas of each card.

The scoring process concerning which FQ symbol to assign should start with an inspection of the Cards Location & Form Quality table, which provides a listing of responses, card by card, and by location area. Each item in the listings is provided with its associated form quality scores (o, u, or -).

< ,V, or > marks have been included for some responses. They indicate the direction of the top of the blot. If no such mark appears next to an item, it signifies that the FQ coding listed is appropriate only when the top of the card is viewed in upright position.       

In order to correctly view the lists, your browser should support JavaScript. Also, it is best practice to close the pop-up window after reviewing the list it contains. If you fail to close the pop-up window it tends to be covered by other active windows. Furthermore, it become harder to bring into front view the next time you want to review a list.

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The program provides an interactive table of content symbols and links to their criteria. Generally, the symbol used for the content score should be reasonably representative of the object or of the class of objects reported in the response.

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The program presents a listing of popular responses, with the criterion and a link to the location requirement for each.

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Z Scores

The program shows the criterion for each of the four symbols used for coding Z Score. Once it is evident that at least one of the four criteria exist in the response, the program provides a table of Z Score values which differ, card by card, and depending on which of the criteria applicable.

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Special Scores

The program interactive table designed to help to determine if the response has any of the features that require the addition of one or more special scores. The table divides the special scores symbols into six areas, and provides link to the definition of each special score.

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Card Response Inquiry


2 African women stirring a pot. Cooking together.

Here is one women (outlines D9). See her body, arms, legs, and here is the other one on the other side; and here is the pot (D7). [African?] Yes, they're black. I used to see it on TV. 

The Inquiry has clarify the response location. As we can see it is the entire D1 area, with D9 as the women and D7 as the pot. Therefore, the location code is D. In terms of developmental quality, there are three distinct objects in the response (two women and a pot), and they all interrelated with each other. That make the DQ code +. There are two determinant codes, one is active human movement Ma (stirring), and the other is FC' for using achromatic color (they're black). A review of Cards Location & Form Quality figure for Card III indicates that the form quality is o (ordinary) and there is no unusual elaboration of form (only body, arms and legs have been specified). However, there is a pair (2) code, as the response included 2 women. There are also two content codes, H for whole human, and Hh for the pot as an household object. Looking at the popular responses table shows that human figure in D9 area is a popular response (P). The location figure for card III further indicates that the D1 area is all connected. Therefore, the Z score will be for Adjacent Detail, 3.0. Lastly, there are three special scores, COP for human cooperative activity (cooking together), PER for personal experience ("I used to see it on TV"), and GHR for good human representation.

The final scoring is:

Loc DQ Determinants FQ Pair Contents Pop Z Special Scores
D + Ma.FC' o (2) H,Hh P 3.0 Cop,PER,GHR

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Revised: 01/24/12.



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